Partick Orthodontics
Types of Treatment

Types of Treatment

Phase I

Usually children who are in “phase I orthodontics” are young.  Some young people who still have some “growth left in them,” can benefit from braces.  The types of problems that phase I can help are crossbites, crowded teeth and growing problems and these are the things that phase I can help improve.  Usually phase I helps a patient with a particular problem for a specific amount of time.  Phase I treatment is optimally shorter than Phase II treatment, depending on the problem.  Most young people don’t need phase I braces.

Phase II

Phase II includes any patient over 9 years old, including adults.  It is not required to have Phase I treatment before you have Phase II.  A patient may have had Phase I treatment, or they may not have ever had braces before; either way, it doesn’t matter.  Most people in phase II treatment wear braces for about 2 years.  Some of the items people want to improve with Phase II are crossbite, underbite, deep bite, crowding, missing teeth, spacing, teeth that are not erupting (impacted teeth).  We can even create space for an implant or tooth that will be attached to a retainer.


Invisalign is a clear “aligner.”  Some people call them “invisible.”  An “aligner” is the device that moves teeth.  The aligner, also called a “tray,” fits very tightly to your teeth.  There are two types of Invisalign: Invisalign and Invisalign Teen.   Some people prefer not having to remember to put in the aligners, some people prefer not to have everyone notice you have braces.  Invisalign is not for everyone, though.  Some dental concerns are too difficult for Invisalign to fix them.  If you have one of those types of problems, not to worry, you can still have “regular” braces.  If the invisible braces option is important to you, and you choose Invisalign, they have to be worn just like regular braces, all the time.  Almost every appointment you’ll receive a new pair of trays.  Your smile will look great no matter which type of braces you choose!

Dentofacial Orthopedics

What is “Dentofacial Orthopedics?”  Technically, Orthodontics, as a specialty, is called “Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics.”  A specialty is a branch of dentistry that “specializes” in a particular field – in our case, that field is orthodontics.  To become a specialist in orthodontics, Dr. Partrick went to dental school first and then became a “resident” in orthodontics.  After the residency, she received a certificate in orthodontics, in addition to a Masters of Science degree.  While most people think of orthodontics as “braces,” it is a lot more than that.  Orthodontists care about more than just “straight teeth.”  We care about your face, your skeleton and how your teeth are affected by your skeleton (and of course you!)  And if your skeleton needs some assistance with growth, we’ll do that too, and call it “Dentofacial Orthopedics!” 

Surgery patients

While most patients only want to improve their smile by “straightening” their teeth, others may have a problem with their skeleton.  Most skeletal issues will only improve with surgery.  Examples of items that can be improved with surgery are overbites, underbites or asymmetries.  (An asymmetry is when the face is not symmetric.  For example, when one side of the face looks larger than the other side.)  We are lucky in this area because we have access to some of the best oral and maxilliofacial surgeons in the world.  Because we want the best possible surgical and orthodontic result, we work with these world-renowned surgeons.  If you are a patient that is having skeletal problems, long before your surgery is scheduled, we want you to meet the oral surgeon to talk about details of your surgery and your orthodontics.